Day 1 :
Yeditepe University, Turkey
Keynote: Applications of nanotechnology in Dentistry
Omid Panahi has completed his graduation in the field of Doctor of Dental Medicine ( DMD) at Centro Escolar University in 2013. He has completed his MSc in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Yeditepe University, Istanbul, Turkey. He has published more than 40 papers in reputed journals and has been serving as an Editorial Board Member of ISI journals.
In the last few decades, nanotechnology has become prominent in medical sciences, especially in dentistry, including the treatment and prevention of oral and dental disease using nanosciences. Therefore, an understanding of nanotechnology is an essential to further understanding how these materials can be used in dentistry. Further, various modern nanotechnology products and new therapies are on the way. This study discusses the latest advances of nanotechnology in dentistry; including nano-based oral and dental technologies being the major improvements in restorative dentistry (nano-composites, nano-resin modified GIC, nano-GIC, mineral solutions); in Prosthodontics (nano-hybrid composites); in Endodontics (sealers); in Periodontics (Grafts, nano-materials for tissue regeneration); in Oral Implantology (nanonite implant); and in Orthodontics ( nanorobots, archwires). With the development of nanotechnology and the use of nanomaterials in dentistry, it will eventually improve the quality of lifes of millions of persons by improving examinations and medical and dental treatments with new technologies.
Jeffery Lynn Hicks
University of Texas Health San Antonio, USA
Keynote: Dental clearance prior to medical intervention in patients with liver failure
Jeffery Lynn Hicks served as a Chair of the Department of Hospital Dentistry in San Antonio, Texas, USA for 11 years and he has developed expertise in the care of patients with complex medical problems. In particular, he has developed algorithms for the oral health care treatment of patients with organ failure and cancer. He currently directs training projects and writes for US federal training grants for the University of Texas Health San Antonio School of Dentistry.
As many as one in 10 Americans have some form of liver disease. Cirrhosis and chronic liver failure are leading causes of morbidity and mortality, with most cases due to excessive alcohol intake, viral hepatitis, or nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Routine liver function tests do not correlate well with degree of liver function but with liver cell damage instead. Liver transplant is the only effective long-term treatment for chronic liver failure. The study detailed in this paper was undertaken to determine: 1. the oral disease presence in patients with liver failure awaiting liver transplant; 2. the oral health care determined to be necessary to clear patients for transplant and the costs of that oral care; 3. the effectiveness of an examination and treatment algorithm in the evaluation and care of liver failure patients; and 4. whether correlations existed among various commonly performed laboratory tests in these patients. The study showed that patients awaiting liver transplant commonly have generalized severe periodontal disease and periapical abscesses which would preclude the patient from undergoing transplant surgery. The average cost of care to issue dental clearance for the patients in this study was $1,169. Liver failure patients being considered for liver transplant surgery can be treated safely using a treatment algorithm to guide care that incorporates a few precautions to avoid post-operative bleeding. Precautions include platelet transfusion and use of agents and surgical technique to ensure hemostasis. Results of commonly used laboratory tests for liver failure patients were not found to show correlations with one another and were not considered good predictors of the risk for complications following invasive procedures
Mahitab Hassan Elgash
National Ribat University, Sudan
Keynote: Dental hygiene manner, smoking and recognized dental health setbacks among individuals
Mahitab Hassan Elgash, passionate and driven general practitioner Dentist in Alrehab Medical Center, UAE. He studied in National Ribat University, Sudan. He has a heart and goal to keep bright smile on every patient. Communicate kindheartedly to ease all the pressure and trauma on every patient.
Statement of the problem: Dental hygiene manner, smoking, and recognized dental health setbacks among individuals.
Background: Dental manners play a major role in terms of preventing oral diseases. To go further, only few people are aware of the relationship of smoking with the potential of oral diseases. More specifically, it appears that smoking interferes with the normal function of gum tissue cells. This interference makes smokers more susceptible to infections, such as periodontal disease, and also seems to impair blood flow to the gums - which may affect wound healing. However, this issue has not been previously tackled with importance.
Aims: Putting that into consideration, this study aims to analyze the behavior towards oral hygiene, habitual smoking and foreseen dental health problems among residents of UAE.
Material & Methods: An observation and interview with regards to dental hygiene practices, smoking and a perceived oral health problem was performed. Smoking results more serious problem regarding health that the patients are not fully aware. The method was descriptive study, predominantly focused to regular dental patients (smokers and non-smokers) visiting the clinic in the regular basis. The subject was asked how they usually clean their teeth and what the other methods they use, for example are if they frequently use mouthwash and routinely floss their teeth and how often they perform the said behavior. They were also asked about the potential problems they might encounter in the long run.
Results & Conclusion: It is found out that the dental hygiene methods demonstrated by the patients (UAE residents) were alike. It is necessary to increase the awareness of dental professionals about negative effects of smoking on oral and general health. Furthermore, they should be more aware of their central role of healthcare workers as promoters of healthy lifestyle among patients. Most of the participants brushed and cleaned their teeth, however, only once per day. An attitude towards smoking was manifested clearly by the majority. Those who smoke regularly foreseen problems in oral health compared to those who do not. Healthcare provider (dentist) should encourage giving more proper care on their patient regarding about the risk of smoking on their health, with the proper knowledge about smoking, and manner of thinking from simple step will lead to a better improvement of their health.
Osama Adel Basri
King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center, Saudi Arabia
Keynote: Esthetic orthodontic treatment using the invisalign system for the treatment of interdisciplinary cases
Osama Adel Basri has earned his Certificate of Advanced Graduate Studies (CAGS) in Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. He has completed his Master in Education and Leadership Degree (M.Ed) from Jacksonville University Florida, USA. He earned a Fellowship in Surgical and Craniofacial and Special care Orthodontics from the University of Pittsburgh, School of Medicine, Department of Plastic Surgery, USA. He is a Diplomate of the American Board of Orthodontics and a Fellow of the Royal College of Dentists of Canada in orthodontics (RCDC). He also lectured in many national and international dental conferences. Currently, he is the Head of the Cleft and Craniofacial Center and a Consultant in Orthodontics at King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center- Jeddah.
It is important for dental professionals to understand the basic elements of orthodontics. This lecture reviews the need for orthodontic treatment, diagnostic procedures and treatment planning, biological factors affecting tooth movement, goals of orthodontic treatment with clear aligners and invisalign. We will also discuss and present how invisalign is integrated in treating interdisciplinary cases. Upon completion of this course, the dental professional should be able to describe the total orthodontic diagnosis, facial esthetics and analysis of occlusion; understand the principles of basic tooth movement with invisalign.